Truth about Truth

by Shah N. Khan..

Truths could be classified in two kinds - those of reasoning and those of fact or appearances. The truths of reasoning are necessary and their opposite is impossible; the truths of fact are contingent and their opposites are possible or they differ from person to person according his perception or circumstances. For instance if we write a figure of 6 on blank paper and give it another person turning upside down, it may be read as 9. If you draw an arrow pointing to left on window pane inside a room, it would point to right to those who see it from outside.

Do unto others as you would that they should do unto you may usually be a good rule but not always. From different alternatives we must choose the best that would be understood and considered as of mutual benefit or would be of help in creating harmony and understanding or eliminating hostility or tension.

The great enemy of the truth is very often not the lie deliberate, contrived and dishonest but the myth persistent, persuasive and unrealistic.
- John F. Kennedy

The famous illusion. Can you spot daughter, mother and father in this illusion?

The angle from which you look at things affects your perception.

William Blake observed: A truth that's told with bad intent, beats all the lies you can invent. On the other hand lies told altruistically does not violate moral values or virtues and may prevent some trouble or harm. However, it cannot be said about the diplomatic missions and politicians who tell lies on the pretext of national interests.

Belief is the psychological state in which an individual treats as truth for reasons such as:

1He has been told by elders or some person enjoying his trust.

2 If his observation is impaired due to prejudice or emotions like anger.

3Because of faith he also treats a conjecture or premise to be the truth.

4Our common-sense understanding of belief may not be entirely correct, but it does influence our perception and understanding of truth.

5 Generally our belief s are embedded in our minds on the basis of what we learnt from our parents, teachers and elders in society.

6 Few people have ability to analyze the knowledge gained through different sources and come to the right conclusions.

People can easily be swayed into believing that they have seen something they never actually did see, say researchers at Ohio State University. Participants in a study looked at a series of slides portraying geometric shapes. They were later shown a second set of test slides two of the test slides contained images from the original group of slides, two contained images that were obviously not part of the original set, and one slide contained the lure image a shape very similar to all of those shown in the original slide set, but one that wasn't actually part of the original set.

As Bertrand Russell said, Those who forget good and evil and seek only to know the facts are more likely to achieve good than those who view the world through the distorting medium of their own desires.

Yes, our prejudices, predigested thoughts hamper proper understanding of truth. A simple test for reality of faith as shown by Holy Prophet Mohammed (sws) is When one performs an ugly deed, and is overwhelmed with the feeling of reproach and displeasure, and when one performs virtuous deeds and feels happy and joyous, it means that he is endowed with faith.

In finding truth about religion there are many pitfalls and one can find truth only one is able to free himself from distorting medium of desires and prejudices.

And as for the unbelievers,
their works are as a mirage in a spacious plain
which the man athirst supposes to be water,
till, when he comes to it, he finds it is nothing;
there indeed he finds God,
and He pays him his account in full;
(and God is swift at the reckoning).

Quran. Light 24:39 (ed. by Arthur J. Arberry, 1955)


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