||Jihad Against Poverty and Ignorance - Part 2|
|Click here for Part 1
|By Shah N. Khan Follow @link2shah
Here are some the important areas where the Federal Government of Pakistan
must utilize not only foreign aid but also its own resources in inculcating
the spirit of Jihad against poverty and ignorance and coordinate efforts
of the nation in its
1. Planners' Training: The Government must devise and launch a ten year program to eliminate poverty after consultations with the experts, scholars and religious and political leaders, industrialists and businessmen defining the role for different bodies as well as people in different walks of life. And it must be vigorously pursued and monitored.
In the Government Planning work "Relationship of Goals, Strategies &
Tactics and different components of organization needs to be redefined.
Our planners must adopt modern techniques for creating a framework by thoroughly
|2. Literacy and Training: The adult literacy program
devised by late Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo was laudable but it
failed due to beauracratic inefficiency and corruption. The new adult literacy
drive should also aim at creating civic sense, awareness for discipline,
self help and organizing community projects like digging up wells and ponds
for clean water, improving sanitary conditions and building schools, dispensaries
3. Skill Development Programs: The focus of such programs must be to promote Do It Yourself Culture. Such programs do not necessarily require establishment of institutes or colleges. Informal training imparted on different occasions by different people to different groups help in developing skills. With little help, guidance and motivation our people can acquire skills for beautifying their homes and towns and do many jobs at their home by themselves.
Programs to help develop skills for things like woodwork, plumbing,
masonry and handicrafts or homemade products of different kinds, poultry
and dairy and fish farming, harnessing solar energy and dairy products
can go long way in development. In cities skills for producing a number
of items at home can
4. Municipal Bodies and City Governments: Programs like preparation
of performance standards, procedure manuals, workshops and seminars are
badly needed to improve the efficiency in Government offices and civic
5. Women: Among the poor women are often support of the family
and work at paltry wages. Literacy of poor women must be given equal importance.
Mobile teams of female tutors and trainers be formed to create civic sense
among them and how they can maintain better health by learning basic hygiene
and how they can raise their children or regulate the periods of child
birth. Many women work for such odd jobs as tailoring, embroidery, knitting,
pottery and making scores
6. Mosques and Madarssas may be utilized as learning centers
and for encouraging people to acquire knowledge and skills for improving
their own economic conditions by community help and projects and for leading
a better life in clean and healthy environments. They should be taught
to elect their own representatives who may manage such community projects
and cooperative schemes. Thus the enlarged scope of the role to be played
by the mosques and madarsas, would induce poor to come to the mosques.
At present less than 50 % of the poor people go to mosques and majority
of them are not only ignorant
7. Greater emphasis must be laid on freeing the poor and ignorant people in rural and tribal areas from the clutches of superstition and evils like grave worship, quake holistic or magic medicine men.
8. Ulemas and scholars and teachers must try to inculcate the spirit of contributing at least 5 to 7% of the income for such community projects besides Zakat. In many countries and communities people contribute more or less 10 % of their income and their communities enjoy envious standards of prosperity.
9. Trainers' Training Programs and some laws, regulations etc.
be framed to oversee the work and progress and define a process of accountability
and evaluation. Training of Mullas in mosques and material for their use
may also be
10. Recognition of merit at all levels and elimination of
corruption should be among the priorities. People should be encouraged
to report cases of inefficiency and corruption, which should be dealt with
effectively. Meritorious work
11. Administration of Justice: Nearly 1, 500, 000 cases in courts pending for years and increasing street crime rates and Pathetic conditions of over-crowded Jails warrant revolutionary measures. Appointing Qazi courts to deal with crimes in the same manner as in Saudi Arabia but with some liberalization according to the opinion of enlightened Ulema and jurists of Pakistan would be a step forward in ensuring speedy trials. The punishment of flogging and other sentences in Sharia would be more efficacious then the present jail system under which the criminals become much more hardened criminals instead of being reformed.
12. Social Justice: Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Nazim Husain
Siddiqui had said at the Punjab Bar Council dinner that litigation in the
country was on the increase mainly because socio-economic justice and rule
of law were more or less absent. He cited the example of the institution
of cases in the Supreme Court, which outnumbered the disposal rate during
the year 2003 to substantiate what he said about the huge number of cases,
both criminal and civil, pending with the apex court. See full article
13. Reforms in Judiciary and Police are badly needed to ensure
speedy disposal of cases, improving laws according to Islamic ideals for
all crimes specially the street crimes that are on the increase. Programs
to eliminate corruption
14. Our people in position of authority such as Ministers, bureaucrats, employers and in fact all us of need to adopt the ideals of Islamic social justice in our day to day dealings as that would help in avoiding lot of litigation and strain on our courts.
15. Ombudsman' offices at provincial and central level need to be equipped with more manpower and wider jurisdiction to deal with grievances of masses who cannot afford remedies in civil courts
16. Mental Health: Nearly 20% people are estimated to be suffering
from psychological disorders and about 3% need confinement in asylums.
The number of asylums is hopelessly inadequate and their conditions are
pathetic. Mental health
17. Harnessing Solar Energy: More research and development projects are needed.
It is generally appreciated that the heavy burden of servicing national
debts severely restricts Government's ability to allocate funds for such
grave problems as poverty and unemployment. But at the same time people expect that the
Federal, Provincial and Local Bodies Governments would be able to devise
programs and schemes to eliminate poverty, corruption and illiteracy. If
the plans are good and honestly and efficiently implemented they would
receive support of the people.
Shah Nawaz. Khan is retired Executive Director of Sate Life Insurance corporation of Pakistan, former Associate of Chartered Insurance Institute (London) and former Secretary General of Chess Federation of Pakistan. He is now working as Honorary moderator of Pakistan's leading discussion groups at yahoogroups.com and has started his consultancy services for ezine publishing at http://www.paklink.biz
Shah N. Khan
Moderator Pakistan Post and Muslim Ummat
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